A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when your heart muscle is damaged or does not receive enough blood for a long enough period of time. Many cardiac related problems occur due to blockages in arteries that carry purified blood away from the heart to different parts of the body. Another cause is the formation of blood clots.
Quite often, it’s difficult to differentiate between heartburn and a heart attack. Common signs of a heart attack include tightness, pain, or discomfort in the chest. Nausea, sweating, and vomiting that are accompanied by intense pressure in the chest are also symptoms of a heart attack. A radiating, intense pain in the chest that extends from the chest down to the left arm, a shortness of breath for more than a few minutes. If you have any of the above symptoms you should immediately consult your physician or head to the emergency room immediately.
If you think you might be having a heart attack you should immediately call 911 for a cardiac care ambulance, and put a sorbitrate under your tongue a or chew an aspirin. If you are allergic to aspirin don’t take any. At the hospital, emergency care may include rapid thrombolysis, cardiac catheterization, and angioplasty. They may also administer clot busting medications intravenously.
The risk factors for a heart attack include: smoking, diabetes, high levels of cholesterol, hypertension, family history of heart diseases, atherosclerosis, lack of exercise, obesity, and fast foods.
Reduce the risks of a heart attack by:
- Quitting smoking.
- Eat healthy and avoid fatty foods, excess salt, as well as red meats.
- Get your blood pressure under control.
- Exercise regularly, at least 30 minutes a day. Daily walks are the most beneficial way to get your exercise.
- Preventing obesity. Doing all you can to maintain weight.
- Choosing to live a healthy lifestyle.
- Perform regular relaxation & breathing exercises.
- See your physician periodically for cardiac evaluations.
- Eat foods rich in anti-oxidants.
Heart Disease is a killer disease, according to the American Heart Association approximately 58.8 million people in the US suffer from heart diseases. And, approximately 950,000 Americans suffer from heart ailments that end in death each year. Death from heart diseases can be prevented by maintaining your heart health. Find a balance in life between work and other activities, abandon the couch and get outside, instead of watching sports on tv, play a sport outside instead and you’ll be on your way to living a long and healthy life.