Heart Attack (myocardial infarction)

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Definition: A heart attack, also referred to as a myocardial infarction, is caused by an insufficient supply of blood to the heart caused by a blood clot in the coronary artery. They can come on suddenly and result in serious tissue damage and can potentially be life-threatening. Receiving immediate medical treatment will significantly improve the chances of recovery. It is important to call 911 immediately if you or someone you know may be experiencing a heart attack. 

Example: Different risk factors for having a heart attack include, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, age, family history, and diabetes. Other risk factors include eating a poor diet with lots of saturated and trans fat, a lack of exercise, stress, illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines Symptoms of a heart attack can vary from person to person but chest pain, also referred to as angina, is the most common symptom in both men and women. Other common symptoms include shortness of breath, sweating, pressure or tightness in the chest, pain in the chest, back, jaw, and other parts of the upper body that lasts for a few mixtures or that goes away and comes back, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, a cough, dizziness, a fast heart rate.

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